e-Frame European Framework for Measuring Progress
Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques - OFCE
The Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques (shortly called Sciences Po) is a fully-fledged, selfgoverning research university specialised in the social-economic sciences and the humanities which enrols some 10,000 students per year, including 40% of foreign students from more than 130 countries. Sciences Po is the leading research university in the social sciences in France with 60 full-time professors, 190 researchers, 80 foreign professors invited each year and 300 academic partnerships with universities around the world. Sciences Po is home to a doctoral school offering 7 graduate programmes. Based on a multi-disciplinary approach, it associates and combines skills and know-how from the different social sciences – in particular economy, history, political science and sociology and the humanities. With a million-volume collection the library is the richest in humanities and social sciences in continental Europe. The active publishing house with more than 1000 titles in its catalogue and six academic journals, Les Presses de Sciences Po, focuses on disseminating research results of the nine research centres, five of which are closely linked to the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and of the 2 research chairs. Sciences Po facilitates laboratories' participation in the European Research Area. Today, 17 of the research teams of Sciences Po have been involved in FP6, and 20 in FP7. Finally, Sciences Po is a signatory of The European Charter for Researchers and The Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers and fully supports all the principles set out in this Recommendation including the elements which encourage and protect the independence of young researchers.
The OFCE (Observatoire Français des Conjonctures économiques) belongs to the Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques. It is both a university research centre and an institution for forecasting and evaluating public policies. As of 1st January 2011, Philippe Weil is the new president of the OFCE, succeeding to Jean-Paul Fitoussi. Mr Fitoussi, who has been the initiator and co-chairman of the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress (“Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission”), remains at the OFCE as research professor. The OFCE brings together over 40 French and international researchers, including several internationally renowned research fellows and three Nobel Prize laureates. It is a centre for international scientific cooperation and is associated with numerous research teams in Europe and around the world. OFCE researchers work notably in partnership with the University of Columbia Centre on Capitalism and Society, the Cambridge Inequalities Research Centre, Columbia’s Initiative for Policy Dialogue, and the CEIS of the Tor Vergata University in Rome and it has worked in partnership with the Economic and Social Research Institute of Japan on governance and growth issues. OFCE researchers also participate or have participated in European networks of excellence (Connex, RECWOWE, BIME, etc.) and world scientific networks (NEROOECD). World renowned researchers – including Axel Leijonhufvud, Edmund Phelps, Amartya Sen, and Joseph Stiglitz – work with OFCE research teams, and contribute to its research and publication. The current team of OFCE Research Fellows is comprised of Philippe Aghion, Robert Gordon, Edmund Phelps, Amartya Sen and Joseph Stiglitz.
The OFCE would be in charge of producing new indicators to measure economic performance, and in particular by computing value added trade. Value-added trade is net of double-counted vertical trade and reallocates trade flows to their original input-producing industries and countries. It makes it possible to answer the question “who produces for whom?”. The OFCE has a team of economists who worked on these issues and already computed a world matrix of value added trade (113 regions) : Guillaume Daudin, Christine Rifflart and Danielle Schweisguth.
In addition to the measure of value added trade, the input-output approach can be extended to measure the job content of trade, and the green-house gas emissions content of imports and exports (which is part of the valuation of externalities).
Ms Danielle Schweisguth
Main scientific and administrative contact
Tel: +33 1 44 18 54 32